Buttonwood is native to South Florida, the Bahamas, West Indies, Central and South America and Mexico. A native to Floridaís southern coastlines throughout zone 10. It grows to heights of 50 feet or more. The wood was once used to make buttons. The best of the Buttonwoods for bonsai, because of the large amount of deadwood are found in the Florida Keys.
PRUNING... The top can be heavily pruned, completely defoliated. To maintain shape, pinch off new leaf buds as they form. They are very fast growers so to reduce leaf size diligence on pinching is needed.
TRAINING... Being a quick grower watch for scarring. Old wood is brittle so you might want to wrap with raffia prior to wiring.
WATERING... Needless to say, it likes it, do not let it dry out. Add more organic matter to your soil to help maintain moisture.
LIGHT... Full sun
INSECT/DISEASE... It is resistant to most insects and disease. Use insecticidal spray with caution, Malathion, Diazinon and oil based products are deadly to Buttonwoods. Because of heavy watering requirements, trunks are susceptible to molds, fungi and rot. Clean the wood occasionally with soapy water and a stiff brush. Use lime sulfur on deadwood.
REPOT... Minimum night temperatures, mid to high 70s. Repot only during the hottest months and only when root bound. Be careful when you remove the tree from the pot and root prune, roots break very easily. Leave some of the original soil intact so as not to damage the fragile secondary roots. Another precaution when repotting is to defoliate, but always leave the petiole,( leaf stem). An extra precaution is to set the newly potted tree in a dish of water in the shade until new buds pop.
FERTILIZE... Use a balanced fertilizer. 20-20-20 Also likes some organic food such as Fish Emulsion .
SEASONAL... Doesnít like cold weather, isnít real fond of cool weather. Protect when we get into the 40s.